Source: Security Magazine
A call to arms: Preparing for the quantum apocalypse
Currently, cryptographic algorithms are based on factorization. RSA and Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) algorithms are difficult to solve using traditional binary computers because the computer is forced to work through an incomprehensibly long list of probabilities. A traditional binary computer solves that mathematical problem slowly, whereas a quantum computer with an efficient algorithm can solve that problem much more quickly. Maybe a million times faster!